Commonly used terms in United Methodism
There are a lot of words and phrases associated with The United Methodist Church and its organizational structure. To help people to understand and navigate the language of the church, we’ve put together a glossary of terms commonly used along with their definitions.
Local churches: Most individuals have their initial contact with the denomination in the local church. Some local church members don’t realize that they are part of a bigger whole or connection. Each church belongs to a district, an annual conference, an episcopal area, a jurisdiction, the General Church, connected through these structures in mission and ministry to churches and annual conferences around the world.
Annual Conference: A regional, organizational unit of The United Methodist Church and the yearly business meeting of that unit, both presided over by a bishop. The business session is composed of equal numbers of clergy and laity.
- Bishop Elaine JW Stanovsky currently presides over the Alaska Conference, the Oregon-Idaho Conference (all of Oregon and southern Idaho), and the Pacific Northwest Conference (all of Washington and northern Idaho).
Districts: Each Annual Conference is typically divided up into different geographical areas known as districts where the church ministry is guided by a District Superintendent who is also the supervisor for clergy and pastoral staff serving in that area.
Episcopal Area: The annual conference or conferences to which a bishop is assigned by the Jurisdictional or Central conference. The bishop lives within the bounds of the episcopal area and presides over the work of one or more annual conferences.
- Bishops in The United Methodist Church are assigned to Episcopal Areas. While many Episcopal Areas include just one conference, some, like the Greater Northwest Area, include several.
- There are more than 450 local churches and ministry settings across the area in Alaska, Washington, Oregon, Idaho, and British Columbia. A similar number of pastors are assigned to work in local churches from small towns to suburban communities and urban centers.
General Conference: The General Conference is an international body of nearly 1,000 delegates that generally meets every four years. The delegates are elected by annual conferences (at annual conference sessions) to attend General Conference. They represent all annual conferences around the world. Half of the delegates are laity (non-clergy members), half are clergy.
Jurisdiction: The United States is divided into five geographic areas known as jurisdictions, each composed of several annual conferences as determined by the General Conference: North Central, Northeastern, South Central, Southeastern and Western.
- The Alaska, Oregon-Idaho, and Pacific Northwest Conferences all belong to the Western Jurisdiction along with the California-Nevada Conference, California-Pacific Conference, Desert Southwest Conference, and the Mountain Sky Conference. Outside of the United States, Annual Conferences are organized together in Central Conferences.
The Book of Discipline: A fundamental book outlining the law, doctrine, administration, organizational work and procedures of The United Methodist Church. Each General Conference amends The Book of Discipline, and the actions of the General Conference are reflected in the quadrennial revision. Often referred to as The Discipline.
Council of Bishops: Bishops of The United Methodist Church provide spiritual leadership to almost 12 million persons in a broad range of settings on four continents, including North America, Europe, Africa and Asia. All bishops are members of the Council of Bishops, which collectively is charged with the general oversight and promotion of the temporal and spiritual interests of the entire Church. Bishops are specifically assigned to preside over the work of a regional area.
College of Bishops: The bishops of each jurisdictional and central conference constitute a College of Bishops. They provide episcopal leadership for the Annual Conferences, Missionary Conferences, and missions within the Jurisdiction. The College of Bishops holds responsibility for providing leadership in the event of a leave of absence, retirement, or death of an active bishop, and it receives any complaints against bishops in the Jurisdiction.
Judicial Council: The Judicial Council is the highest judicial body or “court” of The United Methodist Church. Its nine members are elected by the General Conference. The Judicial Council determines the constitutionality of acts or proposed acts of the General, Jurisdictional, Central, and Annual Conferences. It acts on these either on appeal of lower rulings or through requests for declaratory decisions. It also rules on whether acts of other official bodies of the denomination conform to The Book of Discipline. This is done in accordance with procedures established in The Book of Discipline.
Apportionment: The share each annual conference or local church pays to support international, national and regional (annual conference, jurisdiction) mission.
Delegate: A pastor or layperson elected by an annual conference as its representative to General Conference, Jurisdictional Conference or Central Conference.
Church Conference: The convening of the Charge Conference as a meeting in which all members of a local United Methodist church are invited to attend and are extended the privilege of a vote. A Church Conference is called to have broad participation of the members of the congregation. The Church Conference must be authorized by the district superintendent.
Quadrennium: The official four-year period beginning January 1 following each regularly scheduled General Conference, during which time The United Methodist Church implements General Conference legislation.
Consecration: The act of conferring a ministerial office or function through prayer and the laying on of hands, as for a bishop at a session of the Jurisdictional Conference.
Sacraments: The United Methodist Church recognizes two sacraments, baptism and communion. These two acts have a special place in the church because Jesus commanded them and participated in them. Baptism marks the beginning of our lifelong journey as disciples of Jesus Christ. Communion nourishes and sustains us on the journey.
Membership Vows: Taken when a person joins a United Methodist church as a baptized or professing member. By taking the baptismal and local church membership vows, the individual agrees to covenant with God and the members of the local church to keep the vows that are part of living the baptismal covenant and reception into membership in the local church.